Best Diet For Addison’s Disease

Addison’s disease is a condition wherein the adrenal gland is insufficient. The adrenal gland does not produce enough hormones that are needed. There’s no cure for this disease. But it can be maintained and symptoms can improve. And one way to do that is through Addison’s disease diet.

man holding head in frustration and depression

We all know that when a part of the body is impaired its function is impaired as well. For instance, when the kidneys are not functioning properly there would be a problem with filtration. Also, when your lungs are not functioning properly there would be a problem with respiration. The thing though is that it doesn’t just apply to organs in the body but also glands. One of the glands happens to be adrenal gland. And an impairment in its function is called adrenal insufficiency. And one condition that arises from that is Addison’s disease. That’s why we’ll be having a look at everything regarding Addison’s disease. And that includes Addison’s disease diet.

Endocrine glands perform the function of producing hormones in the body. These hormones are important because they have certain roles in different target organs. This means that when a gland isn’t producing enough or too much hormones in the body there’s a health condition. Adrenal glands produce cortisol, aldosterone and a few other hormones in the body. In Addison’s disease, there’s very little production of these hormones. And when this happens it presents with different signs and symptoms. One way that has been found to be effective in dealing with Addison’s disease is diet. That’s why we’ll be having a thorough look at Addison’s disease diet.

Overview of Addison’s Disease

Another name for the disease is primary adrenal insufficiency. This condition is a rare condition that affects the adrenal glands. It affects just about 1 in 100,000 people. The adrenal glands normally produce enough amount of the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. But in this condition the amount produced is low.

This condition can’t be cured. But the symptoms can get a lot better with hormone replacement therapy. At the same time avoiding common triggers as well helps improve the symptoms of this condition. That’s why diet has a large role to play when it comes to Addison’s disease.

If Addison’s disease is well-managed then you can be assured of living longer and staying healthy.

The cause of Addison’s disease is an impairment of the adrenal glands. And impairment of the adrenal glands could be as a result of a disease or a disorder that affects the gland. Another common cause of Addison’s disease is autoimmune adrenalitis. In this condition, it attacks the cells of the adrenal glands. Thus, leading to the destruction of the adrenal gland.

Several symptoms are associated with Addison’s disease. The symptoms are known to be episodic and not specific. Here’s a list of some of the possible symptoms of the condition.

Extreme fatigue Decreased appetite
Lightheadedness Blurry vision
Heart palpitations Dizziness
Anxiety Tremors
Hair loss Depression
Weight loss Nausea
Abdominal pain Hyperpigmentation
Salt cravingJoint pain

Addison’s Disease Diet: Foods to Eat and Foods to Avoid

Healthy fats

Healthy fats like coconut oil, peanut, and olive oil are the best. They also contain a good amount of antioxidants. And with this, they help reduce inflammation. Another good thing is that with healthy oils you wouldn’t have to worry about the risk of having other medical conditions. Such as stroke, heart disease, and obesity.


Generally, vegetables are great for maintaining the overall health of your body. Leafy greens do a great job of providing the body with magnesium. And magnesium is an important nutrient needed for reducing inflammation and coping with stress. As for cruciferous vegetables, they do a great job when it comes to reducing oxidative stress. That’s why vegetables are a perfect fit for Addison’s disease diet. So you can opt for vegetables like spinach, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, and Brussels sprout.

Wild-caught fish

Such as salmon, tilapia, and mackerel. They contain magnesium which helps reduce inflammation. At the same time, they are healthier. There’s very little or no pesticides or other toxins. This implies that they wouldn’t cause more harm to the body.

High-quality animal products

Animal products that are high in quality are rich in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. And these are great for improving inflammation. Also, they do a great job of balancing your hormones.

High fiber foods

Foods high in fiber have amazing benefits. They help control blood glucose levels. With that your adrenal gland wouldn’t be stressed out trying to balance glucose levels. Sources of fiber include nuts, beans, peas, oats, carrots, and barley.

Probiotic foods

Such as kefir and kombucha are great choices for adrenal gland health. They help in multiplying good bacteria in the gut. At the same time, they also help reduce stress levels. And this can help out in reducing the stress on adrenal glands.

Foods to avoid


Alcohol disrupts your sleep pattern. And this means that you wouldn’t have a good night rest. Because you would most likely wake up at night. At the same time, alcohol disrupts the function of adrenal glands. And with this, it lowers the production of cortisol. One last thing is that alcohol actually increases your blood glucose level.


This is one food that stresses your adrenal gland. It keeps you awake. And when that happens your adrenal gland would produce hormones that would keep you in the flight and fight mood. That means more work for your adrenal gland.


Consuming so much sugar is one of the greatest enemies of the adrenal gland. When you consume sugar, your insulin level in the body increases. After a while, it drops. Then it is the function of the adrenal glands to keep your energy in check. And also regulate your glucose level. So too much sugar automatically means too much workload on your adrenal gland.

Processed foods

They contain a lot of preservatives and also chemicals. Which is not good for your health. At the same time, they contain a lot of sugar and also refined carbs that increase blood glucose levels. And this in no way is good for the health of your adrenal gland.

Hydrogenated oils

They cause inflammation in the body. And this can worsen the condition of adrenal gland. That’s why it’s a no-no to include hydrogenated oils in Addison’s disease diet.

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