Gastritis diet plan refers to a menu plan to help reduce the symptoms of gastritis or stomach condition characterized by symptoms such as burning, sharp, stabbing pain in the upper-left or upper-center of the abdomen. If you suspect you have the condition, immediately seek a health professional care before it takes over your health.
What Are The Common Symptoms?
Aside from sharp and stabbing pain in the abdomen, gastritis has these symptoms:
- Bloody or black bowel movements
- Fainting and dizziness
- Breath shortness
- Vomiting of blood
- Over sweating
- Fast heartbeat
- Vomiting excessive amounts of green and yellow
What Are The Complications?
Left untreated, gastritis may lead to more serious conditions such as chronic gastritis that develop into stomach tumors. A type of gastritis such as H.pylori gastritis and atrophic gastritis that can reduce your body’s ability to take iron from blood and vitamin B12 from food. Such a condition can lead to anemia.
What Are The Risk Factors
Gastritis may affect those people that are in high-risk factors such as the following conditions:
- Ages above 50
- Allergies from food
- Bile reflux after the stomach surgery
- Caffeine use
- Chronic vomiting history
- Chron’s disease
- Cocaine use
- Deficiency of Vitamin B12
- Diets high in fat
- Diets high in salt
- Infections from bacteria such as Hi.pylori
- Overuse of alcohol
- Parasitic, fungal, and viral infections
- Under an autoimmune disease such as type 1 diabetes and Hashimoto’s disease
What Are The Causes?
- Type A – This is caused by your immune system that kills your stomach cells which may lead to cancer, vitamin deficiency, and anemia.
- Type B – A common type of gastritis, is caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori that can cause, stomach and intestinal ulcers and cancer.
- Type C – This type is caused b chemicals such as bile, alcohol, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Type C gastritis can cause bleeding and erosion of the stomach lining.
The following can cause chronic gastritis:
- Weak immune system
- H.pylori bacteria
- Alcohol abuse
- Excessive and continuous stress
- Bile reflux
- Kidney failure and diabetes
How is it diagnosed?
Your physician may perform these tests:
- X-rays for the upper part of the digestive system. Your doctor may recommend you take barium so that he can look into your stomach, esophagus, and small intestine.
- Tests for bacteria H.Pylori. You might be asked to take a liquid with radioactive carbon.
- Endoscopy. You may undergo an endoscopy where a doctor would pass a flexible tube with a lens at the end. This tube would be passed down your esophagus, stomach & intestines. Your doctor may look for inflammation signs.
How To Avoid Gastritis
- Avoid irregular meal timing
- Change pain relievers – If one of your pain relievers is behind the risk of gastritis, consult a doctor about the best options such as switching from paracetamol to ibuprofen.
- Follow a gastritis diet plan
How Gastritis Is Treated?
- Oral meds: Your doctor might recommend you with these medications – Gaviscon, Alka-seltzer, milk of magnesia, tums, and Pepto-Bismol.
- Antibiotics: These are designed to kill bacteria. Antibiotics include amoxicillin, metronidazole, and clarithromycin.
- Proton pump inhibitors: These are drugs used to inhibit acid secretion. It includes lansoprazole and omeprazole.
- By H2 blockers: This drug prevents the stomach’s histamine 2 receptor thus decreasing the acid production that is stimulated by the nervous system or food. Examples are ranitidine, cimetidine, and famotidine.
Foods To Avoid
Avoiding foods such as fatty, spicy, acidic, and fried can reduce your chances of getting gastritis.
Here are the foods to avoid:
- Acidic foods – Fruit juices from citric fruits and tomatoes
- Fatty foods
- Carbonated beverages
- Fried foods
- Spicy foods
- Symptomatic or allergenic foods
- Non-carbonated drinks
- Decaffeinated drinks
- Low acidic foods such as vegetables
- Leafy greens high in fiber such as carrots, oatmeal, beans, apples, and broccoli
- Foods with good bacteria such as kimchi, sauerkaraut, kombucha, and yogurt
- Low-fat foods such as turkey breast, fish, and chicken
- Foods are rich in antioxidants such as leafy greens, berries, artichokes, ginger, and garlic.
A Sample Gastritis Diet Plan
- Breakfast – 1 cup of boiled chickpeas with tomato
- Brunch – 1 apple and a cup of coconut juice
- Lunch – Khichdi (an Indian recipe made with lentils and rice)
- Snack – 1 cup of black tea and 1/3rd cup of boiled black grams
- Dinner – 1 cup of khichdi
- Breakfast – 1 cup of carrot soup
- Brunch – 1 cup of coconut juice and ½ cup of pomegranates
- Lunch – ½ cup of boiled rice and curried cabbage
- Snack – ½ cup of boiled potato and black grams, 1 cup of black tea
- Dinner – 1 cup of boiled rice and mashed potato, 1 tsp ghee
- Breakfast – 2-3 fresh bread slices, 2 scrambled eggs without grease, sweetened tea
- Brunch – 1 apricot
- Lunch – 1 tbsp extra virgin olive oil, salt for seasoning, and white pasta plus boiled mushrooms
- Snack – Salted and plain crackers
- Dinner – boiled, plain white rice, 2-3 boiled chicken legs
- Breakfast: a half of avocado, 3 slices of toast, sweetened tea
- Brunch: 1 banana and 1 tbsp of aloe vera juice
- Lunch: grilled chicken breast, 4 bread slices, mashed and salted potatoes
- Snack: 1 ripe banana
- Dinner: White bread, chicken legs
- Breakfast: Cereals high in fiber, muesli, skimmed milk, 11 cups of tea, and banana
- Brunch: noncitrus fruit, 3 plain buiscits
- Lunch: 3 granary bread slices, smoked salmon, 1 cup of coffee, low sugar & fat yogurt
- Snack: Cottage cheese and oatmeal
- Dinner: oatmeal, 4 toasts
- Breakfast: Probiotic yogurt, a slice of whole-wheat bread
- Brunch: kombucha and 1 banana
- Lunch: a piece of chicken legs with onions, coleslaw, and mackerel
- Snack: Carrot juice
- Dinner: Almonds, raisins, orange juice, oat flakes, muesli balls, coconut flakes & cinnamon
- Breakfast: sesame seeds, honey, oat flakes, pumpkin seeds, and almonds
- Brunch: 1 banana and lemon balm tea
- Lunch: Beet or carrot salad, chicken breast (destined) with garlic and onion
- Snack: 1 green apple
- Dinner: Broccoli, brown rice with carrots
The Bottom line
Avoiding gastritis is a matter of changing eating and drinking lifestyle. Eat more nutritious foods that are more natural. Take gastritis seriously as it can lead to more serious conditions. Refer to a doctor’s advice before taking medicine.