Health problems associated with the thyroid, there’s reduced activity of the thyroid gland. And hyperthyroidism is when there is an overproduction of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland. But we’ll concentrate more on hyperthyroidism today. We’ll take a look at the hyperthyroidism diet. This is a diet that can help improve symptoms that come with hyperthyroidism. So keep reading if you want to find out more about the hyperthyroidism diet.
Hyperthyroidism comes with a lot of problems. That’s why it’s associated with a lot of symptoms which we will take a look at later. Hyperthyroidism is a condition that affects both men and women. And it affects majorly people between the age of 20-40. Some children also have hyperthyroidism. You must recognize the symptoms that come with hyperthyroidism. That’s because if not quickly addressed it can lead to more serious health conditions. Such as heart problems. That’s why this condition shouldn’t be taken with levity.
As you already know this is a condition wherein the thyroid gland is overactive. The thyroid gland is one of the essential endocrine glands in the body. It’s a butterfly in shape and nutrients at the lower portion of your neck. Even though it’s quite small it has a great impact on your health as a whole.
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones. And these hormones are known for regulating normal metabolism in the body. It controls as much as the temperature of the body, the use of nutrients by the body, and even heart rate. So its roles are quite vital in the body.
The thyroid gland produces two main hormones. And they are thyroxine which is known as T4 and triiodothyronine which is known as T3. Interestingly, these two hormones affect every single cell in the body.
So when a person has hyperthyroidism this implies that too much T3 and T4 are being produced. And this leads to so many symptoms are that are quite unpleasant.
Some of the symptoms that accompany this condition include:
- Unexplainable weight loss
- Increased appetite
- Tremor mainly in the hands and fingers
- Changes in the menstrual cycle
- Changes in bowel movements: It’s usually more frequent bowel movements
- Muscle weakness and fatigue
- Skin thinning
- Anxiety and nervousness
- High sensitivity to heat
- Goiter: This is an enlargement of the thyroid gland
- Trouble sleeping
- Fine, brittle hair
Even though many people experience most of these symptoms, symptoms are quite subtle among older patients. So it could just simply be intolerance to heat, tiredness, and increased heart rate.
This condition is known to be commonly caused by an autoimmune disorder known as Grave’s disease. According to statistics, about 85% of hyperthyroidism cases is as a result of this condition. Grave’s disease is hereditary. And it can be found in more women than men.
Another cause of hyperthyroidism is thyroid nodules. This could be either cancerous or non-cancerous. Also, thyroiditis which is the inflammation of the thyroid gland could be a possible cause of this condition. Thyroiditis could be a result of the malfunction of the immune system or an infection.
Also, it could occur right after childbirth. Likewise, overconsumption of iodine could be a cause of this condition. Taking a lot of medications and supplements that contain iodine could lead to hyperthyroidism.
Foods to Eat
- Foods low in iodine: Iodine is very important when it comes to thyroid hormones. So when you consume foods low in iodine it helps reduce the production of thyroid hormones. Such foods include maple syrup, non-iodized salt, honey, coffee, tea, potatoes, egg whites, oats, fruits, homemade bread, and unsalted nuts.
- Cruciferous vegetables: Such as bamboo shoots, broccoli, cassava, collard greens, mustard, rutabaga, kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and bok choy
- Foods rich in iron: Iron is very important when it comes to maintaining normal bodily functions. And the health of your thyroid happens to be included in your overall health. Low levels of iron have been linked to hyperthyroidism. Foods rich in iron are green leafy veggies, nuts, red meat, whole grains, dried beans, lentils, poultry, and seeds.
- Foods rich in selenium: Selenium is great for balancing the thyroid hormone present in the body. At the same time, it protects your body from any form of the disease. Food rich in selenium is chia seeds, Brazil nuts, mushrooms, beef, lamb, oat bran, chicken, turkey, rice, sunflower seeds, tea, and couscous.
- Foods rich in zinc: Such as chickpeas, cashews, pumpkin seeds, beef, cocoa powder, mushrooms, and lamb
- Foods rich in calcium and vitamin D: Such as spinach, white beans, okra, almond milk, collard greens, kale, almond milk, fatty fish, beef liver, and mushrooms.
- Healthy fats: They help reduce inflammation. And with that, they protect the health of your thyroid gland. Healthy fats include avocado oil, flaxseed oil, olive oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil, and safflower oil
Spices: Such as turmeric, black pepper, and green chilies
Foods to avoid
- Foods high in iodine
- Conventional dairy
- Artificial dyes and flavorings
- Processed and packaged foods
When eliminating foods you must get rid of foods suspected to be an allergen. Like gluten, dairy, preservatives, corn, soy, and food additives. Food allergy can worsen thyroid issues.
One thing you must bear in mind is that diet alone isn’t enough to combat hyperthyroidism. There are some other things like regular exercise and reducing the stress that would help combat this condition. Just before you opt for this diet, seek help from a doctor or dietitian. They would draw out a good plan for this diet. Also, if you’re on medications contact your doctor before you start this diet. That’s because some foods can affect the effectiveness of the medications. This way you wouldn’t lose on both ends. So don’t forget that a consultation is important when it comes to a hyperthyroidism diet.